Chapter 11-7: “Long” versus “Short” Vowels

Grammar > Diction & Pronunciation > “Long” / “Short” Vowels

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Traditionally, the vowels /eɪ iː aɪ oʊ juː/ (as in bait beet bite boat beauty) are said to be the "long" counterparts of the vowels /æ ɛ ɪ ɒ ʌ/ (as in bat bet bit bot but) which are said to be "short". Some websites (such as and ) provide pronunciation of these words.

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