Chapter 2-1: Introduction to Prewriting (Invention)

Writing > Writing Process > Prewriting (Invention)

This section explains the prewriting (invention) stage of the composing process. It includes processes, strategies, and questions to help you begin to write.

When you sit down to write...

  • Does your mind turn blank?

  • Are you sure you have nothing to say?


If so, you're not alone. Many writers experience this at some time or another, but some people have strategies or techniques to get them started. When you are planning to write something, try some of the following suggestions.

You can try the textbook formula:

  1. State your thesis.

  2. Write an outline.

  3. Write the first draft.

  4. Revise and polish.

. . . but that often doesn't work.

This section explains the prewriting (invention) stage of the composing process. It includes processes, strategies, and questions to help you begin to write.

When you sit down to write...

  • Does your mind turn blank?

  • Are you sure you have nothing to say?


If so, you're not alone. Many writers experience this at some time or another, but some people have strategies or techniques to get them started. When you are planning to write something, try some of the following suggestions.

You can try the textbook formula:

  1. State your thesis.

  2. Write an outline.

  3. Write the first draft.

  4. Revise and polish.

. . . but that often doesn't work.

Ask yourself how you are going to achieve this purpose

How, for example, would you achieve your purpose if you wanted to describe some movie as the best you've ever seen? Would you define for yourself a specific means of doing so? Would your comments on the movie go beyond merely telling the reader that you really liked it?

Start the ideas flowing

Brainstorm. Gather as many good and bad ideas, suggestions, examples, sentences, false starts, etc. as you can. Perhaps some friends can join in. Jot down everything that comes to mind, including material you are sure you will throw out. Be ready to keep adding to the list at odd moments as ideas continue to come to mind.

Talk to your audience, or pretend that you are being interviewed by someone — or by several people, if possible (to give yourself the opportunity of considering a subject from several different points of view). What questions would the other person ask? You might also try to teach the subject to a group or class.

See if you can find a fresh analogy that opens up a new set of ideas. Build your analogy by using the word like. For example, if you are writing about violence on television, is that violence like clowns fighting in a carnival act (that is, we know that no one is really getting hurt)?

Take a rest and let it all percolate.

Summarize your whole idea.

Tell it to someone in three or four sentences.

Diagram your major points somehow.

Make a tree, outline, or whatever helps you to see a schematic representation of what you have. You may discover the need for more material in some places. Write a first draft.

Then, if possible, put it away. Later, read it aloud or to yourself as if you were someone else. Watch especially for the need to clarify or add more information.

You may find yourself jumping back and forth among these various strategies.

You may find that one works better than another. You may find yourself trying several strategies at once. If so, then you are probably doing something right.

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Attribution information for this page: Allen Brizee (OWL Purdue)

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